How nailers work and how to use them


Nail guns and stitching tools are useful in construction and repair work, when assembling furniture and installing the roof. Devices differ in the principle of action and power, so they should be selected based on a specific task.

The uses of a nail gun

A nailer is a device designed to automate the process of nailing. Mounting guns have found their application in construction, furniture production and woodworking enterprises. The tool helps to significantly increase the speed of work and improve overall productivity.

Pneumatic nail guns uses compressed air during operation. They are most powerful nailers on the market, excluding powder actuated ones. However, they need an air compressor and hose to operate.

Electric nail gun requires an electrical connection, but it can also run on battery power. Tools of this type are characterized by low weight and mobility and are used for installation of finishing materials. Electric nailer can not be used in rooms with high humidity.

Gas nailers uses the energy of microexplosions of the gas mixture. It is characterized by high power, which makes it possible to use it when plugging dowels into concrete. Gas mounting guns have high autonomy, power and light weight (about 4 pounds). One of the best framing nailers on the market, for example, uses a fuel cell to operate and is cordless.

Powder actuated nail gun uses blank cartridges, which allows you to achieve maximum power (up to 550 J). They can also plug dowels into concrete. The main disadvantages of devices of this type is the need to obtain a special permission to use the instrument and a large number of exhausts during operation.

Types of nail guns

There are different types of nail guns which are used for different types or work:

  • Brad nailers are used for plating attach various finishing materials: fiberboard, chipboard and plywood. They differ in the increased capacity of drums for nails and use brads instead of nails.
  • Roofing nailers are used for working on the roof – they differ in the possibility of using nails with large diameter hats.
  • Finish nailers are used for the installation of molding, lining and skirting. They allow you to work with cassettes of nails without hats.
  • Flooring nailers are characterized by the ability to drive nails under the slope. The nailer can be precisely installed and fixed on the surface.
  • Framing nailers used for fixing gypsum cardboard work with nails up to 5 cm long with large diameter hats.
  • Siding nailers are used for the work of nails with wide hats, which is necessary for reliable attachment of soft material to the surface.
  • Powder actuated nail guns has the greatest power and is used for hammering nails and dowels into concrete and brickwork

Tips how to choose best nailer

Here are some tips on how to choose your brand new nailer. There is a lot of them available on the market so you can be kinda confused with the choice.

  • Length of nails

When choosing a nailer it is important to pay attention to the length of the nails with which it can work. Framing nailing guns, depending on the model, use nails 50 – 90 mm or 90 – 120 mm. For sheathing nails, nails from 25 to 75 mm and wide hats are used, and when used with plasterboard, pistols with nails of 30-50 mm are used.

  • Stapling tools

Stapler is a device designed to block staples in wood, plastic and other surfaces. The general principle of its operation is this: the impact part under the influence of the system of levers rises, while the return spring presses in the opposite direction. At a certain moment, the necessary effort is achieved, the drummer flies from the stops, strikes the bracket and drives it into the surface.

The principle of the mechanical stapler is based on the use of human muscle strength. It actuates the mechanism by pressing the handle.

This stapler is not very powerful, but very mobile. It is used in the repair of furniture, the laying of insulating materials and substrates under the floor covering.

An electric staple gun is driven by an electric motor. Work with it is easier and more convenient than with a mechanical stapler.

The pneumatic stapler uses the energy of compressed air supplied under pressure from the compressor. The tool has a large capacity and is used for flooring, finishing and furniture assembly. The purchase of such a tool for domestic use is not advisable, since it is necessary to use a compressor.

  • The use of staplers

Cable staple guns are used for wiring, telephone lines and other cables. At work arc-shaped brackets are used.

Stapler for rivets allows you to use rivets instead of conventional staples.

Packing staple gun is used for packing boxes and differs in that it does not just drive the clamp, but also bends its ends.

  • Staple length

The larger the maximum length of the staples, the thicker the material can the tool work. This indicator must be indicated in the accompanying documentation of the instrument or on its case. For domestic purposes, enough staples from 4 to 14 mm.

  • Additional options

When selecting a stapling tool, it is important to pay attention to the capacity of the staple compartment, as well as the presence of protective elements. So, for example, for a cable stapler a rubberized handle is required. Some models can be equipped with a system for controlling the driving of the staple (with an incomplete drive, the tool is switched off) or with protection against an “idle shot” (when the bracket is not knocked out without a stop in the surface).